Saturday, December 9, 2017

Just workin' on the dollhouses

I realize that I haven't posted much about any of my projects lately, so here's a little update:

I love this little roadside junk shop that I made, but it needed some landscaping, so I used one of those mats with dried reindeer moss, and I glued some coffee grounds to the spots that were bare, and added a couple random leaves and a little bush. The idea was to make it look like one of those little 'antique' stores that you might find on a rural road in the fall.


I also have been trying to fix up the Wizard of Oz house. I made it years ago, and moving around, and also displaying it at libraries and Maker Faire's has put some wear and tear on it. I've wanted some representation of Glinda for a long time now, and I finally got lucky one day during a thrift store visit, and found a Glinda ornament:


I suspended the ornament from the apple tree that I made out of driftwood and faux floral.

I also did a little landscaping on the geisha house, using the trusty old egg crate method to make stones for the pathway, and filling in the gaps with glue and coffee grounds.


I also finally finished the little waterfall koi pond.I know it would have looked better if I had used resin water, but since i've never done one before I didn't want to spend the money and have it turn out badly. I wanted a little practice first, so I used hot glue for the water.


Maybe some day I'll make a better one, but this will do for now.

Professor Applebaum is an interesting fellow. I have always thought that he looked musically inclined, and I recently found him a cello at thrift store, so now he can give little concerts at his wine and cheese parties.


I've always been much more interested in the interiors of dollhouses than the exteriors. I love when I find dollhouses that are already assembled, and it's even better if they're somewhat finished, so that I can get right into the good part. But, I have been saying for some time now that I'd like my houses to have nicer craftsmanship, and so I am forcing myself to work on the exterior parts of the buildings more. I decided to try my hand at making siding, and since this house only cost me a buck at Goodwill, it's a good house to practice on. It's also a good house to finish, because I'd really love to display this one, or possible enter it in a show someday.  .  .I've never seen anyone else do a dollhouse with a Beetlejuice theme before.


The photo shows the siding right now, as the glue is drying. When it's secure, I will paint it.

Lastly, my dollhouse based on A Christmas Story is currently on display at Dover Public Library:


So, that's what new with some of my many, many dollhouses.


Sunday, December 3, 2017

Look, a Hook Book!

It would appear that a  grievous mistake has been made. A particular man, whom we all know (and love( or hate, or love to hate) has been terribly mistyped in our popular culture. Instead of allowing this man to right the record, we have continued to libel him in our continuation of slipstream literature and media.

The time for Captain Hook to defend himself has come.


I have always loved Captain Hook. I think my love affair with the one handed villain began when I saw the movie Hook in the theater in 1991, but of course the story actually begins in 1904. A few years ago, I did a couple of blog posts about different portrayals of Captain Hook in media, and I started by examining the character as he was first written by JM Barrie.

Hook, his Christian name being Cook, has his own story, but it would appear that of all the lies that have been told and misunderstandings that we have about him, he is most upset at the way we choose to believe he looks:

"And for some inexplicable reason, possibly having to do with the undeniably pompous actor who first portrayed me professionally*, I will always be depicted as bearing an unfortunate likeness to King Charles II. Frilly shirts, long curly hair, high-heeled pumps (ye gods!_ are my affected wardrobe in all depictions of the Pirate Moi, though I have never dressed as such in my entire life.)"

Gerald du Maurier, the first Captain Hook
1904



 "True my hair is black and has grown to some length, but I do not curl it."

Dustin Hoffman as Captain Hook in 1991's Hook

"Nor do I sport a beauty mark on my cheek or anywhere else for that matter"

Cyril Ritchard as Captain Hook in the Mary Martin musical

".  .  . although my eyes are indeed a lovely periwinkle blue."

Jason Isaacs as Captain Hook in 2003's Peter Pan

I guess Captain Hook has a point; our popular culture depictions of him do construe him as vain, effeminate, and perhaps a little queer.

*Gerald du Maurier, the first actor to portray Captain Hook on the stage, is the one he seems to blame for beginning the traditional costume. Du Maurier was the brother of Sylvia Llewelyn Davies; her five sons were befriended by Barrie during an outing in Kensington Gardens, and they served as the inspiration for Peter Pan and the Lost Boys.

Michael Davies dressed as Peter Pan



Saturday, December 2, 2017

Mermaids

I wrote recently that in one of the Peter Pan graphic novels I read, the mermaids have a treasure which they hide from Hook. This is not from the original tale, but anything that gives the female characters more agency in the story is fine with me. This remains one of my all-time favorite stories, but the messages it contains about gender are a little problematic for me. The female characters are all very underdeveloped. Mrs. Barrie is the mother, so she is automatically Other in a story about eternal childhood. Tinkerbell spends her life serving a self-centered boy (and then he doesn't even remember her after she eventually dies), and Wendy is a damsel in distress. The female characters that have captured our imaginations, but receive very little critical examination, are the mermaids

Chapter 8 of Peter and Wendy is titled The Mermaid Lagoon, but the mermaids are only featured in the beginning of it. Barrie soon moves onto describing Wendy as a young mother, and how she insists the children rest between eating their mid-day meal and swimming, and then of course comes the familiar part where Captain Hook intends to leave Tiger Lily on Marooner's Rock to perish.

"If you shut your eyes and are a lucky one, you may see at times a shapeless pool of lovely pale colours suspended in the darkness; then if you squeeze your eyes tighter, the pool begins to take shape, and the colours become so vivid that with another squeeze they must go on fire. But just before they go on fire you see the lagoon. This is the nearest you ever get to it on the mainland, just one heavenly moment; if there could be two moments you might see the surf and hear the mermaids singing."

It's worth noting that the mermaids did not appear in the early stage productions of Peter Pan; they were introduced in the 1911 novelization of the play titled Peter and Wendy. They usually do not appear in stage productions of the story (probably because of the logistics of depicting underwater creatures with the limitations of live stage) but they often appear in the film versions.

 I wanted to compare a couple of the different renderings of mermaids as we've seen in movies, so I'll begin with the Disney movie, since that's the first Peter Pan movie most people see, and think of.


According to Barrie's original description of a lagoon made up of lovely pale colors, the animators did a superb job. We see that they adore Peter, while they are instantly jealous of Wendy, and resent her presence. They taunt her, and try to drag her into the water.

The are not given any description in Hook, except for the couple of minutes they are on screen. Peter Banning has fallen into the water, and cannot swim since his hands are bound behind his back. The mermaids appear almost instantly, smiling and each gives him a long kiss, exhaling into his mouth so that he can breathe. It's as if they have missed him, and are welcoming him back.



The mermaids from the 2003 adaptation were a stark contrast to all the other ethereal, feminine creatures. In this film, Wendy comments that they look "sweet", and Peter warns her "They'll sweetly drown you if you get too close."


It seems like a departure from Barrie, but it actually is in keeping with his text. Barrie writes:

 "The most haunting time at which to see them is at the turn 
of the moon, when they utter strange wailing cries; but the 
lagoon is dangerous for mortals then"


The 2003 film is pretty light-hearted, so it's interesting that the filmmakers chose to portray the mermaids this way, rather than the typical, super-feminine troupe of Pan groupies.

The 2015 prequel Pan depicted the mermaids as all identical to one another, which also detracts from any kind of agency they might have, because it's like saying that all women might as well be the same. These mermaids have electric eel like tails, which they use to fight off the crocodile as he threatens to drag Peter down to the depths. They don't really say much, and it seems their purpose is mainly just to save Peter.  .  .



The last film I wanted to include in the 1924 silent film:


The mermaids are shown sitting on the shore, sunning themselves and playing with bubbles (balls) when we first see Neverland. Later, after the Wendy and the Lost Boys are kidnapped by the pirates, Peter pleads with the Mermaid Queen. She seems to be friendly with the Crocodile, and allows the croc to accompany Peter to the pirate ship to fight Captain Hook, because of course Hook is terrified of the beast who swallowed his hand.

So it seems that mermaids represent a pretty simplistic view of women: they are either meant to save men, or they are a threat to them. I guess when I want to think of a mermaid as a strong character, I'll have to just stick to Ariel.




Friday, December 1, 2017

NHSLA Conference 2017

Yesterday I attended the Christa McAuliffe Technology Conference in Manchester, NH. The New Hampshire School Library Media Association is one of the collaborators in offering this conference to school library employees. I thought the conference sounded interesting, but I couldn't afford the $165 price tag, so when the call went out to have people present projects in the Collaborative Makerspace, I proposed my project. It was accepted, so I got an awesome day of professional development.

I arrived to the expo center in time to grab a little cup of granola (with chocolate chips), and then I immediately went to get a seat for the keynote address. That day's speaker was Adam Bellow, the co-founder of Breakout EDU. For those not familiar with it, Breakout EDU is an immersive learning in which students are put into a room together, and given some clues which they must decipher in a certain order, so that they can "break out" of the room. The adult escape rooms based on this concept are also gaining popularity.


The keynote speech was fantastic, and I took quite a few notes. I was a little unsure about how my little project was going to fit into the scene, amidst all the robots and drones and coding programs. The project I proposed is one of my favorites; using discarded books to create unique art journals. It's very easy, and the possibilities are endless. Plus, libraries are always trying to figure out what to do with the mountains of withdrawn books we create when we 'weed' our collections. So I thought it might be appealing to librarians, but I kind of pictured myself tucked away in a corner with all my musty old books, while all the 'shiny new toys' were centerstage.


When I arrived at my station to set up for my two hour shift of volunteering in the makerspace, I had just sat down when the woman at the next table turned to me and asked "Are those your journals?" I replied "Yeah" and she said "Oh, they're beautiful! I was just looking at them!" And then it took off. From that point on, anyone who visited the makerspace wanted to look at them, and ask how to do them, and if I've used them with students before.  .  .I've never had so many people look through my journals before, but I was showing them different techniques, and telling them about some fun prompts to use in order to get started.  .  .They were taking pictures of the pages, and asking me for my email address in case they have questions, and asking me for the address of my blog.  . .It was incredible!


When there was some downtime, I just worked on some pages in the art journals. 

I've written here before about my reluctance to identify myself as an artist. I have always thought of artists as people with MFA's, or people who are paid to teach art to students, or as people who rent studio space in renovated industrial buildings.  .  . like, "Me? No,  I don't make art. I just glue things onto paper, or spread paint on surfaces or attach broken jewelry bits to things to make windchimes." 

I guess I just need to remember that just like librarians do not simply "read books all day" that artists have much more to their identity, and "makers" make all varieties of things. 

I think I need one of these flags, like the one I saw at the conference:





Tuesday, November 28, 2017

Bangarang!

Over the Thanksgiving break, my son discovered the wonder that is Hook. I was so glad to introduce him to this movie because, being a slight Peter Pan fanatic, this has been a favorite movie of mine ever since I was it in the theater.

Now he likes to chant "Hook! Hook! Hook!" like the pirates do, and he also loves to sword fight; he gets to be Peter Pan and I have to be Captain Hook.

I love to watch this movie again and again because it's so layered with symbolism and allusions; everytime I watch it I can see something that I hadn't before, or I can interpret it in a new way.

It often sends me online to look up the cast list, or trivia about the film. I just watched a little clip of the 25 year reunion of the Lost Boys. My husband was doing this the other night when he came across a prequel to Hook: a short film that focuses on Rufio, and how he came to Neverland.

I have to confess that I have actually spent alot of time trying to figure out what time period Rufio is supposed to represent. I realized fairly quickly that all the Lost boys are dressed in fashions from different time periods. Thud Butt is dressed in a sailor-type outfit, which were popular in children's fashion from the turn of the 20th century through the 1940's. Don't Ask, with his plaid sportcoat and greased back DA hairstyle, seems to be from the 50's. If you look in the background of the scenes, you can see boys dressed in Civil War hats and other indicators that these boys have all been in Neverland for varying amounts of time. I always surmised that Rufio was a pretty new addition; with his spiky red hair, tight pants, and leather jacket, he reminds me of a street punk from the late 70's or early 80's.

There are some modern amenities visible in the film, like a flat screen computer monitor, but his friend has a high-top hairstyle and the mohawk was much more popular in the 80's than it would be now. So although it's not exactly 'set' in the 80's, it seems like a possible implication.

The film was partially funded with a Kickstarter campaign led by the one and only Rufio himself. Actor Dante Basco headed up the idea, and he also appears in the film as the school principal.


This is a really interesting idea because Hook is slipstream itself (prequels, sequels, alternate retellings, and modern updates are all considered slipstream) and now we have a slipstream of something that was already slipstream.

Monday, November 27, 2017

Peter Pan graphic novels

A couple weeks ago, I wrote a post about The Wendy Project, a graphic novel based on Peter Pan, with a modern setting. One of the reasons that book stands apart from other slipstream Peter Pan literature is because of the graphic novel format. It got me thinking about what other Peter Pan graphic novels might be out there, so I decided to inter-library loan a sampling of some:

I wasn't really impressed with the quality of the illustrations in this book from the Graphic Classics series. It looks like a teenage Sailor Moon Star fan drew it. It basically sticks to Barrie's original story, but obviously it's very abridged.

 
                                                                                           Tinkerbell looks a little demonic.  .  .

So, this interpretation of Peter Pan is perhaps the most graphic I've ever read. I'm not referring to the format; I am referring to the language, and to the illustrations. Words like "bitch", "shit" and even the C Word are peppered throughout the text. And there are a few panels which contain mature sexual scenarios.  .  .I'm not talking about mermaids drawn sans seashells.  .  .I'm talking about Peter's mother telling him to bring her back a bottle of booze, but since he doesn't have any money, he is forced to make another kind of payment.  .  . I actually did a double take, and flipped back to the book's cover so that I could be sure it was titled Peter Pan. There IS a Mature rating on the book cover cover, but I guess I didn't notice it. Apart from the very adult themes, Loisel's interpretation does have some interesting points to it: he changed the time period from 1904 (when Barrie's play was first performed) to 1887. I'm not yet sure why he turned the clock back, but maybe I will find out later. Also, although Peter is a boy from London, there is also the mythical god Pan as a character. Lastly, the mermaids seem to have their own storyline involving a treasure, which functions as Captain Hook's prime motivation thus far. This is actually a welcome addition, because there is always much discussion about gender roles and a lack of female agency in the Peter Pan mythos. This is just the first volume, so I guess I'll have to do some more reading.


Peter Panzerfaust is a historical fiction reimagining of Barrie's story. Peter is a an American boy who adopts a troupe of French orphans during World War II, fighting the growing German presence and a particular SS officer who searches for them. I wasn't really drawn into the story, and quickly found myself just glossing over most of it, searching for specific references to Peter Pan. I guess I'm not one for war stories. It's an interesting idea, and there are a few allusions to the text (a boy named Peter, he searched for someone named Belle, meets a brother and sister named Michael and Wendy, etc.) but it seems like the story could have stood well on its own and didn't really need the Peter Pan references.


There will be many more Peter Pan-related posts coming, because I've been reading alot of adaptations and also watching the films lately.

Thursday, November 23, 2017

Happy Thanksgiving

I do like to begin seasonable and have things to my mind. Thanksgivin’ dinners can’t be drove, and it does take a sight of victuals to fill all these hungry stomicks,” said the good woman as she gave a vigorous stir to the great kettle of cider apple-sauce, and cast a glance of housewifely pride at the fine array of pies set forth on the buttery shelves.


-An Old Fashioned Thanksgiving by Louisa May Alcott



Saturday, November 18, 2017

Furbish Family Cemetery

Another installment in my Forgotten Cemeteries  blog series. I began with Death and Espresso, and since then I've written posts on a couple other little graveyards in Milton Mills, NH and Somersworth, NH that seem to have gone by the wayside. This little resting place is on Route 1 in York, Maine.

The cemetery that attracts attention in York is the Old Burying Yard, because the grave of Mary Nasson, a suspected witch is enclosed there. But the little group of headstones that caught my attention is on a small hill as you enter York, and I noticed that all the stones have the same last name, so I suspected it's a family plot.


'The official name of it is Furbish Family Cemetery. It's just a tiny little plot of land, up on a little hill. Like the others, it's easy to miss if you're not looking for it.


It's a sad little cemetery; I know most people probably think that all cemeteries are sad, but this one only has several stones, and at least three of them are young children.  One named Lilian was three years old, and shares a stone with her father, Henry D. Furbish:

And there are also a couple of infants. One named David was two months old, and one named Emily S. (she appears to have been named after her mother) was just one month old.


Little cemeteries like this remind us how high the infant and child mortality rates were in previous centuries; unfortunately, one family losing three young children was not very rare due. 

Furbish Family Cemetery must have someone who cares for it, because the stones are all clean and upright and in good repair, and the grass is not overgrown. I couldn't find much more information on it, other than lots of listings in nearby towns and counties with the same surname, so it must be another old New England name.

I would love to write a book someday about all these little forgotten cemeteries that dot our country's major roadways.


Thursday, November 16, 2017

Calling Dr. Laura

Since I've been reading all these middle-grade and YA graphic novels lately, I decided to read one that's actually intended for adults. Nicole Georges finds out from a palm reading that her biological father is (supposedly) still alive. The book is her memoir of growing up with a variety of different father figures, while discovering her sexual identity and navigating relationships with her mother, sisters, and romantic interests.



Although I couldn't relate to some aspects of the story, her struggle to reconcile some events in her past is one that most people can identify with. We all have things in our lives that take time to accept, and when we reflect on them we begin to understand how they have contributed to the people we have become.



Her geek chic style and dry observations are reminiscent of Daria:


But the illustrations are humorous and sophisticated at the same time:


If you're a fan of graphic novels, especially ones that are more artistic and not as mainstream, then this is a pretty good one.



Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Stranger Girls (who happen to be named Erin!)

I've waited a long time to be a superhero.  Too long. But finally, my day has come!

Meet Erin: the paper delivery girl with a strong throw, a sharp mind, and a smart mouth!


Okay, this character happens to share my name, and my newspaper delivery past-time, but she is actually one of the young heroines of the Paper Girls graphic novel series.


This book suggestion came up again and again as I was researching some books with Stranger Things-esque plots and ideas for a display at work:

This is the display I did for the library- 
notice that all the books are Upside Down!

The Paper Girls story takes place in the 1980's, and it features four friends who stick together despite the supernatural events that begin to overtake their town..   . And the story begins the morning right after Halloween.  .  .

Sound familiar?

There's a time-travel scenario, which is foreshadowed by Erin dreaming about an apple.  .  .


Readers might not understand the significance right away, but they will when they reach this panel:



Just as Stranger Things pays homage to the 80's with allusions to Ghostbusters, ET, Stand by Me and more, Paper Girls also has some recognizable references to the time period, like a kid dressed as Freddy Krueger for Halloween, and a dream meeting with Christa McAuliffe (the New Hampshire teacher who was selected by NASA, and was killed in the Challenger space shuttle disaster): 

  

And I totally had my own banana-yellow Walkman:


Paper Girls is the feminist comic series for fans of Stranger Things!



Monday, November 13, 2017

All's Faire in Middle School

Another fantastic graphic novel from Victoria Jamieson! Her 2015 book Roller Girl is the story of Astrid, an average middle-schooler who decides to enter to world of roller derby. She struggles to master skating, and maneuver around the rink, she also struggles to navigate old and new friendships.
Her new book, All's Faire in Middle School, contains similar themes about friends, family and pursuing your own interests. 


Imogene and her family work at the Renaissance Faire, so she was home-schooled. The story begins with her decision to enter the local public middle school. Each chapter page is beautifully designed, like it's from a book of Arthurian legends or fairy tales.

 

When she first gets to know her new classmates, Imogene think that maybe middle school will be easier than she first thought. She seems to have been adopted into the 'cool kids clique' without much trouble. She figures if she doesn't say much about her family, and their unique lifestyle, then she won't stand out, and the kids will have no reason to turn her out. But before long, Imogene begins to understand what it means to belong: it means wearing the right shoes, living in the right kind of house, having the right friends, and basically- NOT having a mind of your own.

She makes some pretty bad decisions- and it kind of breaks the heart of any adult reader because it reminds me of some of the bad decisions I made when I was that age, and the people I hurt, before it occurred to me that I was not the center of the universe.

The study of astronomy, and the heliocentric model, is a running theme in the book.

I think the part that I relate the most to is the character of the hermit. Imogene's family friend Cussie is playing the hermit character at the Renaissance Faire, but after Imogene ends up an outcast in school, she decides to retreat into her own metaphorical cave. "Basically, hermit mode involves not talking to anybody and ignoring dirty looks.  .  .ignoring anything that made me feel bad. Eventually I reached full invisibility levels at school."

This is also a tendency of mine. When I am hurt in some way, I just withdraw into myself, and will myself to become invisible.

The reason I enjoy these types of books so much is because not only do they remind me of what it's like to be a middle-schooler, but they reflect some of my own experiences. They also help me to see that I still have opportunities to grow.

Imogene realizes that being a hermit may insulate her from hurt, but it doesn't solve any problems. She decides to use her LARPing (Live Action Role Playing) skills that she utilizes at the Faire in her daily school life, playing a character that is confident and kind, like she Knight she aspires to become. Like, "fake it 'till you make it" thinking.

Another win for Victoria Jamieson, and for graphic novels, and the people who read them!


Friday, November 10, 2017

Moxie

I can't say enough good things about this book.



"I'm a girl who studies for tests. I'm a girl who turns in homework on time. I'm a girl who tells her grandparents she'll be over in five minutes and shows up in three. I'm a girl who doesn't cause a fuss. I even shrink into my desk when a teacher calls on me in class. I'm a girl who would prefer to evaporate into the ether rather than draw even positive attention to herself."

Vivian Carter thought she was used to the ways of highschool life in her small Texas town: football, and football players, and pep rallies and cheerleaders. The football players are treated like gods, meanwhile the girls soccer team hasn't had new uniforms in decades. The boys play Bump 'n Grab in the hallways, and when girls complain about it, they're told that it's "just a joke".

Inspired by her mother's Riot Grrl youth, spent in Washington State attending punk shows and publishing feminist zines, Viv decides to take action. She begins her own zine, called Moxie, and anonymously distributes them around the school. When she sees the response, and realizes that she is not the only girl who is fed up with "the way things are" she is inspired to continue, and soon other girls in the school begin adopting Moxie as as a brand name for their own revolution.

This book is a narrative of a teen girl's feminist awakening. "It's not just one type of girl but all kinds. Jocks and loud girls and girls on the yearbook and quiet girls and black girls and white girls and brown girls." In this statement, Vivian is seeing for herself that feminism isn't a word for a punk-ish lifestyle, nor is it an indicator of someone's interests or appearance. Anyone can be a feminist. It also functions as a brief summary of third wave feminism. In case you need a cheat sheet:

-First wave feminism is considered to be the 19th century- early 1900's. This wave concerned itself with issues of its time such as voting rights, and a woman's rights regarding marriage and childbearing. It expanded to include advocacy for other marginalized groups, advancing causes such as abolition, Indian Rights, child welfare, and even animal rights.

-Second wave feminism came about in the 1960's, and focused on issues such as equal pay and labor activism, and women's right to control their reproductive destinies. It functioned on the idea of universal womanhood.

-Third wave feminism is a reaction to second wave feminism, and the assumptions and misconceptions that the "universal womanhood" philosophy operated on. Third wave feminism asserts that women are not the same simply because of biology, but that we are diverse due to our races, heritages, sexual orientations, gender identities and economic classes. We have worlds of differences among us, but rather than divide ourselves, we should use those differences to learn of each other's struggles and unite so that we can all achieve equality not only with men, but with each other.

*technically, we are now in the Fourth Wave, but that's something I'll wait to discuss in another post*

Even though Vivian gains a boyfriend in the story, and he's a really nice guy who supports her beliefs and her subversive efforts to undermine the chauvinist agenda of the school administration, she knows that he'll never truly understand:

"He can't ever know what it feels like to walk down a hallway and know you're getting judged for the size of your ass or how big your boobs are. He'll never understand what it's like to second guess everything you wear and how you sit and walk and stand in case it doesn't attract the right kind of attention, or worse, attracts the wrong kind. He'll never get how scary and crazy-making it is to feel like you belong to some big Boy Monster that decides it can grab you and touch you and rank you whenever and however it wants."

I was inspired to make a playlist, so here are a few songs that came to my mind as I was devouring this book:

Siouxsie and the Banshees "Hong Kong Garden" (1978)

Joan Jett "Bad Reputation" (1981)

Bikini Kill "Rebel Girl" (1993)

No Doubt "I'm Just a Girl" (1995)

Spiderbait "Sunshine on My Window" (1996)

FILI-13 "Mansplain It to Me" (2017)

This is a YA title, but I am 100% for adding this to a middle school collection. In fact, I think that's the perfect age for girls to read a book like this. Middle school is the point where most kids really begin to think about their values, and develop their ethics, and really start figuring out who they are, who they want to be, and what's important to them. It's also the age where we see alot of girls stop participating in class, start comparing their bodies to other girls, and the Mean Girls really begin to rise. They need to start thinking about how they are treated: by males, by other females, by the media.  .  .and compared to how they think they SHOULD be treated.

Moxie is more than a book. It's a call to action.